In 2017, 25,300 people lost their lives in traffic accidents across the European Union. This figure was 54,000 in 2002, a drop of 50 percent since then, and the trend continues to improve. While the number of deaths on roads decreased by 22,500 until 2010, in the following eight years the number of victims between 2010 and 2017 dropped by only 20 percent, 6,200 deaths. Our analysis shows the statistics on road accidents in each country, and whether there is a correlation between the number of fatal accidents, the number of speedcameras placed on the raods, and the age of average cars.
According to the data gathered by Eurostat , the EU’s statistical agency, Romania and Sweden represent the two extremes in the category of fatal accidents. In Romania, 98 people lost their lives per million habitants, while 25 died in Sweden in 2017. The Bulgarians (96) are just behind behind the Romanians, followed by the Croatians (80), the Poles (75) and the Latvians (70). Hungary is ranked 8th in this category, with 64 deaths per million inhabitants, which means that 624 people died on the road in 2017. Fourteen more than in the previous year.
On average in the EU, there are 50 deaths per million inhabitants, with 16 member states suprassing the union’s average. The Swedes are the best performers, and exiting United Kingdom comes in second (27), followed by Denmark (32) and the Netherlands (31).
The number of speed cameras was collected by a world-wide speed camera database, SCDB. We could perhaps suppose that more speed cameras lead to less accidents. There are some data to underpin this assumption, but there are significant exceptions as well.
The number of speed cameras can be determined by how many of them are placed in a country in a thousand square kilometers radius. The two extremes are: Slovakia and Ireland (with 0.2-0.2 such unites per thousand square kilometers) with Belgium (67.6) and Malta (66.5) installing the most cameras. Hungary, with its rate of 2.8 speed cameras belongs to the less equipped countries, even if drivers do not feel that way. In any case, the EU has an average of 11.7 speed cameras per thousand square kilometers.
It is telling that in Romania, the country with the highest number of fatal accidents, there are quite a few speedcams (0.9 per thousand square kilometers). Moreover, 10 out of 11 countries with the highest rate of fatalities have 0.2-4.5 devices per thousand square kilometers. There is a big leap in the 12th place with Italy: 56 deaths per million inhabitants,