Cyber attacks doubled in Europe in 2020 compared to the previous year. During the most acute phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, many aspects of our lives moved online: socialising and shopping, as well as work. As the number and variety of data available online multiplied, the pandemic made the cybercrime business more profitable: the risks of data theft and paralysis of online services became much more serious.
The EU was forced to confront this emergency and had to take it into account in its cybersecurity strategy. In 2020, the NIS (Network and Information Security) Directive was updated with the approval of NIS2, which defines the cybersecurity targets to be achieved by the member states and the institutional set-up of the supervisory bodies. How are European countries dealing with this emergency?