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Every year, almost 100,000 Europeans seek asylum in EU countries, and the number of applications continues to grow. Yet this is a phenomenon which remains at the margins of the debate on asylum – and that on EU enlargement.
Greece has a new center-right government since summer 2019. Its approach to migration differs sharply from its predecessor’s, as more controls and constraints are imposed on asylum seekers. The government claims that the system will become more efficient, but some organisations are unconvinced.
Compared to 2015, the number of asylum applicants in EU countries dropped by half in 2018. Europe is far from being the first refuge for forcibly displaced persons: 80% of them are hosted in countries of the Global South.
Europe facing the refugee crisis.
While it may seem that the refugee-migration crisis is over, more than 100,000 migrants and refugees are still present in Greece. Many of them live in refugee camps, which are not appropriate accommodation solutions because of their location in faraway, poorly connected areas.
In 2016 3230 people lost their lives attempting to cross the Mediterranean to Europe. Since then the number of deaths has dropped – but the crossing is becoming ever more dangerous.
In the second quarter of 2019 six percent of the citizens from Bangladesh applying for asylum in Italy got positive decisions.
In the second quarter of 2019 24 percent of the citizens from Iran applying for asylum in Germany got positive decisions.
In the second quarter of 2019 19 percent of the citizens from Guinea applying for asylum in France got positive decisions.
Angela Merkel is the most powerful head of government in the EU. How has Europe changed during her chancellorship?