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Fewer births, greater life expectancy, emigration. These are some of the ingredients adding up to local labour shortages - now a major problem in many Eastern European countries.
Although Kosovo is still on the "black list" of Schengen, many of its citizens dream of a future abroad. Among the most qualified professional categories, such as doctors, we can already speak of brain drain.
More and more professionals from the Western Balkans choose to seek a better life by going east – opting for countries such as the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Poland
Greece has a new center-right government since summer 2019. Its approach to migration differs sharply from its predecessor’s, as more controls and constraints are imposed on asylum seekers. The government claims that the system will become more efficient, but some organisations are unconvinced.
Compared to 2015, the number of asylum applicants in EU countries dropped by half in 2018. Europe is far from being the first refuge for forcibly displaced persons: 80% of them are hosted in countries of the Global South.
Europe facing the refugee crisis.
Two years ago the European Union signed agreements on the sharing of migrants to provide relief for Italy and Greece, but few results can be noticed
Migration flows continue to be a subject of debate around the world. Population movements come with very different causes, histories and origins.
While it may seem that the refugee-migration crisis is over, more than 100,000 migrants and refugees are still present in Greece. Many of them live in refugee camps, which are not appropriate accommodation solutions because of their location in faraway, poorly connected areas.
A mandatory 2015 scheme to dispatch people seeking international protection from Greece and Italy across the European Union did not deliver promised results, say EU auditors.