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The 16 coal power plants in the western Balkans cause as much pollution as the 250 plants active within the European Union. The health impact is severe, and not just within the region.
The European Union has already achieved one of its three targets related to climate change and energy, as a part of the Europe 2020 strategy.
Meat and dairy are emissions-intensive when compared to vegetables and fruit, with carnivore diets leading to roughly double the amount of a vegetarian's greenhouse gas emissions.
Many citizens of south-east Europe cannot afford to properly heat their own homes. The impact on health and air pollution is serious, but energy poverty has recently begun to decline.
Seven out of eight audited EU countries "have not effectively implemented" a decade-old directive on air quality rules, according to a report published at the end of January.
Increasing amounts of plastic pollution have been detected in Europe's most northern Arctic regions, but the overwhelming majority of litter stems from other parts of the world.
Despite the efforts of European countries, atmospheric pollution (fine particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ozone in particular) continues to kill hundreds of thousands of people every year.
The ICCT publishes every year a statistical overview of the European car fleet. The data goes ten years back, allowing a full appreciation of the recent market evolution.
Each year 500 000 Europeans die prematurely as a result of air pollution. Road transport alone causes 18 percent of air pollution.
EU member states and the European Parliament have agreed to a 37.5 percent reduction in CO2 output for new cars by 2030. A 31 percent cut for utility vehicles is also planned.