Child births: only 13 out of 328 regions in Europe above replacement level

To keep a country’s population stable from one generation to the next, at least two children should be born per woman. But how many European regions pass that threshold? In this report we look closer at the fertility rates across Europe region by region.

The Stats Monitor

The hundreds of regional reports that we present here were generated by the Stats Monitor, a tool we've developed to track and use newly released data – it currently monitors 14 different topics in Eurostat and national political polls. The Stats Monitor analyzes new data in order to spot interesting trends and outliers, so as to help journalists to find newsworthy material in them.

Here below you can find one unique report for every NUTS2 region in Europe, based on the latest available Eurostat data on fertility rates. We marked with a star the regional reports where we found something particularly newsworthy. The reports are primarily intended to be used as a starting point for further investigation into fertility rates and demographic developments in Europe.

★ Abruzzo:  Fertility rates in Abruzzo extremely low

Agder og Rogaland:  Agder og Rogaland has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Alentejo:  Alentejo has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Algarve:  Faro has an average fertility rate

Alsace:  Alsace has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki:  East Macedonia and Thrace has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Andalucía:  Andalusia has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Aquitaine:  Aquitaine has the second-lowest fertility rate in France

Aragón:  Aragon has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Arnsberg:  Arnsberg has an average fertility rate

Attiki:  Attica Department has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Auvergne:  Auvergne has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Basilicata:  Fertility rates in Basilicata extremely low

★ Basse-Normandie:  Fertility rates in Basse-Normandie decreases for eighth year in a row

Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire:  Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire:  Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Berlin:  Berlin has the lowest fertility rate in Germany

Bourgogne:  Bourgogne has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Brandenburg:  Brandenburg has an average fertility rate

Bratislavský kraj:  Bratislava has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Braunschweig:  Braunschweig has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Bremen:  Fertility rates in Bremen falling for the first time in six years

★ Bretagne:  Fertility rates in Brittany decreases for seventh year in a row

Bucuresti - Ilfov:  Bucuresti - Ilfov has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Budapest:  Fertility rates in Budapest extremely low

Burgenland (AT):  Burgenland has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Calabria:  Fertility rates in Calabria extremely low

Campania:  Campania has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Canarias (ES):  Fertility rates in Canary Islands extremely low

★ Cantabria:  Fertility rates in Cantabria extremely low

★ Castilla y León:  Fertility rates in Castile and León extremely low

Castilla-la Mancha:  Castile-La Mancha has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Cataluña:  Catalonia has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Centre - Val de Loire:  Centre-Val de Loire has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

★ Centro (PT):  Fertility rates in Centro extremely low

Centru:  Centru has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Champagne-Ardenne:  Champagne-Ardenne has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Chemnitz:  Chemnitz has the highest fertility rate in Germany

Cheshire:  Cheshire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Ciudad Autónoma de Ceuta (ES):  Ceuta has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Ciudad Autónoma de Melilla (ES):  Melilla has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Comunidad Foral de Navarra:  Navarra Chartered Community has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Comunidad Valenciana:  Valencian Community has one of the lowest fertility rates in Europe

Comunidad de Madrid:  Madrid Autonomous Community has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Cornwall and Isles of Scilly:  Fertility rates in Cornwall and Isles of Scilly decreases for sixth year in a row

★ Corse:  Corsica has the lowest fertility rate in France

Cumbria:  Cumbria has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Darmstadt:  Darmstadt has an average fertility rate

★ Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire:  Fertility rates in Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire decreases for sixth year in a row

★ Detmold:  Fertility rates in Detmold falling for the first time in six years

★ Devon:  Fertility rates in Devon decreases for fifth year in a row

Dolnoslaskie:  Lower Silesia has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Dorset and Somerset:  Fertility rates in Dorset and Somerset decreases for sixth year in a row

Drenthe:  Drenthe has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Dresden:  Dresden has an average fertility rate

Dytiki Ellada:  West Greece has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Dytiki Makedonia:  West Macedonia has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Dél-Alföld:  Fertility rates in Dél-Alföld increases for seventh year in a row

Dél-Dunántúl:  Dél-Dunántúl has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Düsseldorf:  Düsseldorf has an average fertility rate

East Anglia:  East Anglia has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ East Wales:  Fertility rates in East Wales decreases for seventh year in a row

East Yorkshire and Northern Lincolnshire:  East Yorkshire and Northern Lincolnshire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Eastern Scotland:  Eastern Scotland has the second-lowest fertility rate in The United Kingdom

Eastern and Midland:  Eastern and Midland has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Eesti:  Estonia has an average fertility rate

Emilia-Romagna:  Emilia-Romagna has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Essex:  Essex has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

★ Etelä-Suomi:  Fertility rates in Etelä-Suomi decreases for seventh year in a row

★ Extremadura:  Fertility rates in Extremadura extremely low

Flevoland:  Flevoland has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Franche-Comté:  Franche-Comté has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Freiburg:  Freiburg has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Friesland (NL):  Friesland has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Friuli-Venezia Giulia:  Friuli-Venezia Giulia has one of the lowest fertility rates in Europe

★ Galicia:  Fertility rates in Galicia extremely low

Gelderland:  Gelderland has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Gießen:  Gießen has one of the lowest fertility rates in Germany

★ Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Bristol/Bath area:  Fertility rates in Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Bristol/Bath area decreases for fifth year in a row

Greater Manchester:  Greater Manchester has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Groningen:  Groningen has the lowest fertility rate in Netherlands

★ Guadeloupe:  Guadeloupe has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

★ Guyane:  French Guiana has the second highest fertility rate in Europe

Hamburg:  Hamburg has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Hampshire and Isle of Wight:  Hampshire and Isle of Wight has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Hannover:  Hannover has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Haute-Normandie:  Haute-Normandie has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Hedmark og Oppland:  Hedmark og Oppland has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Helsinki-Uusimaa:  Fertility rates in Uusimaa decreases for seventh year in a row

Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire:  Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Highlands and Islands:  Highlands and Islands has an average fertility rate

Hovedstaden:  Capital Region has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Illes Balears:  Fertility rates in Balearic Islands extremely low

Inner London - East:  Inner London - East has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Inner London - West:  Fertility rates in Inner London - West extremely low

★ Ionia Nisia:  Fertility rates in Ionian Islands increases for fifth year in a row

★ Ipeiros:  Fertility rates in Epirus extremely low

Jadranska Hrvatska:  Jadranska Hrvatska has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Jihovýchod:  Fertility rates in Jihovýchod increases for sixth year in a row

Jihozápad:  Jihozápad has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Karlsruhe:  Fertility rates in Karlsruhe falling for the first time in six years

Kassel:  Kassel has an average fertility rate

★ Kent:  Kent has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

★ Kentriki Makedonia:  Fertility rates in Central Macedonia extremely low

★ Koblenz:  Fertility rates in Koblenz falling for the first time in six years

Kontinentalna Hrvatska:  Kontinentalna Hrvatska has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Kriti:  Crete has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Kujawsko-Pomorskie:  Kuyavia-Pomerania has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Kypros:  Cyprus has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Kärnten:  Carinthia has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Köln:  Köln has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Közép-Dunántúl:  Közép-Dunántúl has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

La Rioja:  La Rioja has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ La Réunion:  Réunion has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Lancashire:  Lancashire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Languedoc-Roussillon:  Languedoc-Roussillon has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Lazio:  Fertility rates in Lazio extremely low

Leicestershire, Rutland and Northamptonshire:  Leicestershire, Rutland and Northamptonshire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Leipzig:  Leipzig has one of the lowest fertility rates in Germany

★ Liguria:  Fertility rates in Liguria extremely low

Limburg (NL):  Limburg has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Limousin:  Limousin has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Lincolnshire:  Lincolnshire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Lombardia:  Fertility rates in Lombardy decreases for seventh year in a row

Lorraine:  Lorraine has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Lubelskie:  Lublin has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Lubuskie:  Lubusz has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Länsi-Suomi:  Fertility rates in Länsi-Suomi decreases for fifth year in a row

Lódzkie:  Łódź has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Lüneburg:  Lüneburg has the second-highest fertility rate in Germany

Malopolskie:  Lesser Poland has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Malta:  Fertility rates in Malta extremely low

★ Marche:  Fertility rates in Marche extremely low

Martinique:  Martinique has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Mayotte:  Mayotte has the highest fertility rate in Europe

Mazowiecki regionalny:  Mazowiecki regionalny has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern:  Mecklenburg-Vorpommern has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Mellersta Norrland:  Mellersta Norrland has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Merseyside:  Merseyside has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Midi-Pyrénées:  Midi-Pyrénées has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Midtjylland:  Central Denmark has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Mittelfranken:  Fertility rates in Mittelfranken falling for the first time in six years

★ Molise:  Fertility rates in Molise extremely low

Moravskoslezsko:  Moravskoslezský has an average fertility rate

Münster:  Münster has an average fertility rate

Niederbayern:  Niederbayern has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Niederösterreich:  Lower Austria has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Noord-Brabant:  North Brabant has an average fertility rate

Noord-Holland:  North Holland has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Nord-Est:  Nord-Est has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Nord-Norge:  Nord-Norge has an average fertility rate

★ Nord-Pas de Calais:  Nord-Pas de Calais has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Nord-Vest:  Nord-Vest has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Nordjylland:  Northern Denmark has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Norra Mellansverige:  Norra Mellansverige has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

★ Norte:  Fertility rates in Norte extremely low

★ North Eastern Scotland:  North Eastern Scotland has one of the lowest fertility rates in The United Kingdom

North Yorkshire:  North Yorkshire has an average fertility rate

Northern Ireland (UK):  Northern Ireland has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Northern and Western:  Northern and Western has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Northumberland and Tyne and Wear:  Northumberland and Tyne and Wear has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Notio Aigaio:  South Aegean has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Nyugat-Dunántúl:  Nyugat-Dunántúl has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Oberbayern:  Oberbayern has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Oberfranken:  Oberfranken has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Oberpfalz:  Oberpfalz has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Oberösterreich:  Upper Austria has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Opolskie:  Opole has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Oslo og Akershus:  Oslo og Akershus has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Outer London - East and North East:  Outer London - East and North East has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Outer London - South:  Outer London - South has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Outer London - West and North West:  Outer London - West and North West has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Overijssel:  Overijssel has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Pays de la Loire:  Fertility rates in Pays-de-la-Loire decreases for seventh year in a row

País Vasco:  Basque Country has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Peloponnisos:  Peloponnese has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Pest:  Pest has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Picardie:  Picardie has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

★ Piemonte:  Fertility rates in Piedmont decreases for fifth year in a row

Podkarpackie:  Subcarpathia has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Podlaskie:  Podlachia has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Pohjois- ja Itä-Suomi:  Fertility rates in Pohjois- ja Itä-Suomi decreases for eighth year in a row

★ Poitou-Charentes:  Fertility rates in Poitou-Charentes decreases for fifth year in a row

★ Pomorskie:  Pomerania has the highest fertility rate in Poland

Praha:  Prague, Hlavní mešto has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Principado de Asturias:  Fertility rates in Asturias extremely low

Prov. Antwerpen:  Antwerp has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Prov. Brabant Wallon:  Walloon Brabant has an average fertility rate

★ Prov. Hainaut:  Fertility rates in Hainaut decreases for seventh year in a row

★ Prov. Limburg (BE):  Limburg has the lowest fertility rate in Belgium

Prov. Liège:  Liège has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Prov. Luxembourg (BE):  Luxembourg in Belgium has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Prov. Namur:  Fertility rates in Namur decreases for seventh year in a row

★ Prov. Oost-Vlaanderen:  Fertility rates in East Flanders decreases for ninth year in a row

Prov. Vlaams-Brabant:  Flemish Brabant has an average fertility rate

Prov. West-Vlaanderen:  West Flanders has an average fertility rate

★ Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur:  Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

★ Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano/Bozen:  Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano/Bozen has the highest fertility rate in Italy

★ Provincia Autonoma di Trento:  Provincia Autonoma di Trento has the second-highest fertility rate in Italy

★ Puglia:  Fertility rates in Apulia extremely low

★ Região Autónoma da Madeira (PT):  Fertility rates in Madeira extremely low

★ Região Autónoma dos Açores (PT):  Fertility rates in Azores extremely low

Región de Murcia:  Murcia Region has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Rheinhessen-Pfalz:  Fertility rates in Rheinhessen-Pfalz falling for the first time in six years

★ Rhône-Alpes:  Rhône-Alpes has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

★ Région de Bruxelles-Capitale / Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest:  Brussels has the highest fertility rate in Belgium

Saarland:  Saarland has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Sachsen-Anhalt:  Saxony-Anhalt has an average fertility rate

Salzburg:  Salzburg has an average fertility rate

★ Sardegna:  Fertility rates in Sardinia extremely low

Schleswig-Holstein:  Schleswig-Holstein has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Schwaben:  Fertility rates in Schwaben falling for the first time in six years

Severen tsentralen:  Severen tsentralen has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Severoiztochen:  Severoiztochen has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Severovýchod:  Severovýchod has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Severozapaden:  Severozapaden has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Severozápad:  Fertility rates in Severozápad increases for fifth year in a row

Shropshire and Staffordshire:  Shropshire and Staffordshire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Sicilia:  Sicily has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Sjælland:  Zealand has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Slaskie:  Silesia has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Småland med öarna:  Småland med öarna has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Sostines regionas:  Vilnius County has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ South Yorkshire:  Fertility rates in South Yorkshire decreases for fifth year in a row

Southern:  Southern has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Southern Scotland:  Southern Scotland has an average fertility rate

Steiermark:  Styria has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Sterea Ellada:  Fertility rates in Central Greece extremely low

Stockholm:  Stockholm has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Stredné Slovensko:  Stredné Slovensko has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Strední Cechy:  Středočeský has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Strední Morava:  Fertility rates in Strední Morava increases for sixth year in a row

★ Stuttgart:  Fertility rates in Stuttgart falling for the first time in six years

Sud - Muntenia:  Sud - Muntenia has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Sud-Est:  Sud-Est has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Sud-Vest Oltenia:  Sud-Vest Oltenia has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Surrey, East and West Sussex:  Surrey, East and West Sussex has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Swietokrzyskie:  Fertility rates in Holy Cross extremely low

Syddanmark:  Southern Denmark has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Sydsverige:  Sydsverige has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Sør-Østlandet:  Sør-Østlandet has an average fertility rate

★ Tees Valley and Durham:  Fertility rates in Tees Valley and Durham decreases for seventh year in a row

Thessalia:  Thessaly has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Thüringen:  Thuringia has an average fertility rate

Tirol:  Tyrol has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Toscana:  Fertility rates in Toscana extremely low

Trier:  Trier has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Trøndelag:  Trøndelag has an average fertility rate

Tübingen:  Tübingen has an average fertility rate

★ Umbria:  Fertility rates in Umbria extremely low

★ Unterfranken:  Fertility rates in Unterfranken increases for eighth year in a row

Utrecht:  Utrecht has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Valle d'Aosta/Vallée d'Aoste:  Aosta Valley has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Veneto:  Veneto has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Vest:  Vest has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Vestlandet:  Vestlandet has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Vidurio ir vakaru Lietuvos regionas:  Vidurio ir vakaru Lietuvos regionas has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Vorarlberg:  Vorarlberg has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Voreio Aigaio:  North Aegean has the highest fertility rate in Greece

Vzhodna Slovenija:  Vzhodna Slovenija has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Västsverige:  Västsverige has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Východné Slovensko:  Východné Slovensko has an average fertility rate

Warminsko-Mazurskie:  Warmia-Masuria has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Warszawski stoleczny:  Warszawski stoleczny has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Weser-Ems:  Weser-Ems has one of the highest fertility rates in Germany

★ West Central Scotland:  West Central Scotland has one of the lowest fertility rates in The United Kingdom

West Midlands:  West Midlands has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

West Wales and The Valleys:  West Wales and The Valleys has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

West Yorkshire:  West Yorkshire has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Wielkopolskie:  Greater Poland has an average fertility rate

Wien:  Vienna has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Yugoiztochen:  Yugoiztochen has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Yugozapaden:  Yugozapaden has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Yuzhen tsentralen:  Yuzhen tsentralen has an average fertility rate

Zachodniopomorskie:  West Pomerania has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Zahodna Slovenija:  Zahodna Slovenija has a lower fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Zeeland:  Zeeland has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Zuid-Holland:  South Holland has an average fertility rate

★ Západné Slovensko:  Fertility rates in Západné Slovensko increases for fifth year in a row

Área Metropolitana de Lisboa:  Área Metropolitana de Lisboa has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Åland:  Åland has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

★ Észak-Alföld:  Fertility rates in Észak-Alföld falling for the first time in seven years

★ Észak-Magyarország:  Fertility rates in Észak-Magyarország increases for sixth year in a row

★ Île de France:  Île-de-France has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe

Östra Mellansverige:  Östra Mellansverige has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Övre Norrland:  Övre Norrland has a higher fertility rate than most regions in Europe

Wednesday 11 December 2019

Source/s:

Newsworthy

Data source: Eurostat TGS00100 , 2019

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