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Compiled by United for Intercultural Action, the List tallies all the refugees and migrants who have died trying to reach Europe.
The List is a project distributing a list of the refugees and migrants who have died trying to reach Europe, compiled by the Dutch NGO United for Intercultural Action over the years, in a document that the Guardian published in association with the Chisenhale Gallery in London and the Liverpool Biennial on 20 June, World Refugee Day.
Faced with a lack of official data, the activist group has gathered newspaper articles, NGO records and coastguard reports to collect details of the deaths of migrants travelling to Europe since the early 1990s. The number is 34,361 “and rising”. Deaths do not just occur at sea, but in detention blocks, asylum units and town centres. Some 400 have taken their own lives; more than 600 have died violently at the hands of others. The deaths recordered are represented by dots Each dot represents one of the 34,361 deaths recorded. Not all of the deaths occur at sea, but also in detention blocks, asylum units, factories and town centres. Because the data is not comprehensive, as there is no record of every single incident, “the true death toll is certain to be much higher.” The article also displays a time map of the location of the deaths that occured in between Libya and Italy between 2013 and 2017.
The so-called “migrants crisis” will be on top of the 28-29 June European Council, in Brussels and has become a major political topic in several EU member states, where it is considered as a security and demographics issue rather than a humanitarian one.