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In the last ten years, women’s unemployment progressively fell almost to that of men, but in many countries there still are huge differences.
According to the latest figures released by Eurostat, there were 18.116 million unemployed people in November 2017 in the EU. Compared with November 2016, their number fell by 2.133 million.
The lowest unemployment rates in the EU were recorded in the Czech Republic (2,5 percent), Malta and Germany (both 3.6 percent). If the highest unemployment rates were observed in Greece (20.5 percent in September 2017) and Spain (16.7 percent), Greece is the EU country with the highest decrease (from 23.2 percent to 20.5 percent), followed by Portugal (from 10.5 percent to 8.2 percent), Croatia (from 12.5 percent to 10.4 percent), and Cyprus (from 13.1 percent to 11.0 percent).
3.698 million under-25 people were unemployed in November 2017; a decrease of 2 percent from November 2016 to 16.2 percent.
The lowest rates were observed in the Czech Republic (5.0 percent) and Germany (6.6 percent), while the highest were recorded in Greece (39.5 percent in September 2017), Spain (37.9 percent) and Italy (32.7 percent).
Figures also show that when it comes to unemployment rate, the gender gap is not getting narrower. The overall number of unemployed women in the EU has progressively fallen, but the gap is slightly widening since mid-2015. It was 0.4 points in December 2017, in particular because of a higher rate in most of Southern Europe countries.